Anthornis melanura

Physical Description

The Bellbird, known as Korimako, is a medium-sized songbird. It has a vibrant olive-green plumage with a metallic sheen. The male Bellbird has a distinctive white tuft of feathers on its throat, intensifying during the breeding season.

Habitat and Range

Bellbirds are found throughout New Zealand, including forests, shrublands, and coastal areas. They have a wide distribution across the North and South Islands, favouring native forest habitats.

Feeding Habits

Bellbirds are nectarivorous birds, feeding primarily on nectar from various native tree species, such as kahikatea, pōhutukawa, and flax. They also consume insects and fruits as supplementary food sources.

Breeding and Nesting

Bellbirds typically breed during the spring and summer months. They construct cup-shaped nests made of twigs, grass, and moss, usually situated in the dense foliage of trees or shrubs. The female lays 2-3 eggs, and both parents participate in the incubation and rearing of the chicks.

Conservation Status

Bellbirds are not considered threatened and are relatively abundant in suitable habitats across New Zealand. However, habitat loss and predation from introduced species, such as rats and stoats, can impact their populations.

Trees and Plant Preferences

Bellbirds are attracted to various native tree species that provide nectar, including kōwhai, pūriri, and rewarewa. These trees have tubular-shaped flowers that produce abundant nectar, an important food source for Bellbirds.

Interesting Facts

Bellbirds are renowned for their melodic and distinctive songs, consisting of rich, bell-like notes. Their vocalisations are essential to New Zealand's natural soundscape, making them popular among bird enthusiasts and musicians.