The Pipipi, or Brown Creeper, is a small, insectivorous bird with a slender body and a slightly curved beak. It has a brownish colouration on its upperparts, with streaks of lighter brown and a pale underside. The plumage provides excellent camouflage against tree bark. They have long, thin tails and sharp claws, aiding their climbing and foraging behaviour.
Pipipi are endemic to New Zealand and can be found in various forested habitats, including native forests, scrublands, and regenerating forests. They are particularly associated with trees, where they forage for insects and build their nests. Pipipi are found throughout the North, South, and Stewart Islands and on some offshore islands.
Pipipi are insectivorous birds with specialised feeding behaviour. They have a unique method of searching for insects, starting from the base of a tree and spiralling their way up while probing and probing the bark with their beak. They primarily feed on small invertebrates, such as spiders, insects, and their larvae, which they find hidden in tree crevices and under bark.
Pipipi form monogamous pairs during the breeding season. They build cup-shaped nests made of twigs, moss, and other plant materials, typically located on the branches of trees. The female lays a clutch of eggs, and both parents participate in incubation and raising the chicks. Pipipi chicks are born naked and helpless and are fed by both parents.
The Pipipi is not currently classified as a threatened species. They have a relatively stable population and are adaptable to various forested habitats. However, localised declines can occur due to habitat loss, predation by introduced mammals, and competition with other bird species.
Pipipi are closely associated with native forests and the trees within them. They rely on the presence of various tree species for foraging and nesting purposes. Common trees that attract Pipipi include beech trees (Nothofagus species), rimu (Dacrydium cupressinum), mataī (Prumnopitys taxifolia), and kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides). These trees provide suitable crevices and insects for their feeding behaviour.